Friday, February 23, 2018

What you are doing the FEME group students?

Júlia Tovar Verba is PhD student of our research group at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte. In her thesis she is integrating fishers’ knowledge and scientific information, as well as genetic analysis to build distribution and abundance models for marine fishes of economic interest for Brazil. 
Currently, she is doing an internship the Conservation Genetics Lab, at Macquarie University (Australia) with Prof. Adam Stow. Her goal there is to apply Seascape Genetics analysis to identify important environmental drives for connectivity between populations of a snapper (Lutjanus jocu) and a parrotfish (Sparisoma axillare) in the entire Brazilian coast and between coastal and oceanic islands. 

Júlia Tovar Verba

This internship has been supported by the Endeavour Research Fellowships program of the Australian Government, National Geographic Society and CNPq.

We will see soon new interesting results about here project, meanwhile…


Wednesday, February 14, 2018

Identifying feeding areas of the Fernando de Noronha seabirds

During the last two years we have been working together with the Oceanica NGO and researchers of the Institut de recherche pour le développement (IRD, France) and Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE, Brasil), in a project funded by the Fundação Grupo Boticário. The project took place in Fernando de Noronha (FN) archipelago with the main goal of identifying vulnerable ecological areas for seabirds of FN, which is an oasis of marine life in relatively barren open ocean. Indeed among others remarkable biological features, FN accommodates the largest concentration of tropical seabirds to be found in the Western Atlantic Ocean. FN is protected by two different categories of protected area, according to the Brazilian legistlation: an APA (environmental protection area) covering mainly terrestrial ecosystems since 1986 and a marine national park, covering 112.7 km2 of the archipelago, since 1988. Since 2001, the APA and the core and buffer area of the national park were listed as World Heritage by UNESCO. During these years, Sophie Bertrand, responsible for the fieldwork activities, and her team collected data on red footed boobies (Sula sula), brown boobies (Sula leucogaster) and especially masked boobies (Sula dactylatra) species. 

Photo of Sula Sula individuals. By Sophie Bertrand
In particular, the team has tagged several individuals with GPS, dive and accelerometer recorders to understand feeding areas and marine behavior during critical periods. This requires capturing the same bird twice, once to deploy the equipment and a second time to recover the device and the data recorded. In addition, at each recapture, animals were measured and biologically sampled (including prey regurgitated). Those biological samples will be analysed by isotopic analyses for identifying their trophic niche (N and C isotopes) and for estimating global biocontamination (Hg isotopes).

Photo of the procedure of capture-recapture. By Sophie Bertrand

Among the top predators of the ecosystem, there is also the artisanal fishery of the archipelago. This is a small fleet (less than 10 units) that mainly fish with live bait (the 'sardinha' or the 'garapao' whose schools frequent the islands beaches). The fishers' catches consist mainly of barracudas, but also of some jacks, tuna and snappers. During the project two crew members boarded periodically with fishers to document main fishing grounds, fishing activities and catches. 

Photo of the fishery of FN. By Sophie Bertrand

By analyzing both the bird and the fishing data, we hope to better understand how the structuring of marine habitat conditions the behavior of seabirds, and how they are orienting and feeding in what appears at first glance as a big blue desert. This knowledge should also feed into a reflection on the relevance of different tools for their conservation.

For more information about the project take a look to the blog